Bearded Dragon Poop: Things you Should Know

Understanding bearded dragon poop is a very important skill that all owners should have to catch any health issues related to your bearded dragon. But it is not as simple as it seems because bearded dragon poops come in different sizes, shapes, and colors.

To notice any irregularities about the poops, you should have a rough idea of how often they poop. A dragon’s poop changes more often, but many people don’t know what to do in this situation whether they should worry or not.

This article will help you to learn the signs of healthy and unhealthy bearded dragon poop and will guide you to know about the beardies pooping behavior.

What does Bearded dragon poop look like?

As a bearded dragon owner, you should know how a healthy bearded dragon poops and why it comes in different colors and sizes. You should monitor your dragon’s bowel movement more often when he tries to relieve himself.

Sometimes, your dragon may show some strange behaviors and you may get worried. In case, you have a new bearded dragon so don’t miss watching its poop for a couple of days. If you are moving your dragon to a new enclosure, it may also cause stress in your dragon and can cause it not to poop as usual.

Regular monitoring is necessary to know the pooping behavior of your dragon. As soon as your dragon gets used to its new home and surroundings, the poop will get back to normal. If things don’t get normal in a week, then there might be a severe problem that should be treated. 

How often should a Beaded dragon poop?

Adult bearded dragons should poop at least once per week whereas some dragons can poop up to seven times a week. Diet, age, environment, stress, hydration, and illness can influence your dragon’s poop routine.

Diet:

A bearded dragon that eats calcium-rich foods like silkworms, mealworms, and wax worms will usually poop more often than the dragons who only consume crickets. Adults that take vegetable diet and protein-based diet typically poop 1 to 3 times a week and those that eat calcium-rich diets may poop daily or even multiple times a day. Read more about bearded dragon diet.

Age:

Bearded dragons can also poop more or less depending upon their age. Babies tend to poop more often than juveniles and adults. Have a look at this chart:

AgePoop times
Baby3-4 times per day
JuvenileOnce every other day
Adults3-4 times per week

Illness:

Illness also affects the poop frequency of bearded dragons. Sometimes parasitic infections can be responsible for irregularity in bearded dragon pooping. The higher the number of infections, the more chances of constipation and irregular pooping among bearded dragons.

Stress:

Stress may normally result in bearded dragon pooping less. The common signs of stress are aggression and biting. Your dragon may also be stressed due to the bearded dragon tank relocation, habitat changes, and changes in humidity and temperature levels which may result in less pooping.

Environmental factors:

Try to keep the expected level of temperature inside your bearded dragon enclosure. Make sure that your dragon also gets the proper amount of UVA and UVB light every day (10 to 12 hours each day).

The bearded dragon also relies on daily exposure to natural light to help them for proper digesting of food. Fluctuations in light levels inside the enclosure can also affect the digestive process.

Stick to the moderate temperature ranges to make sure that your dragon poop is on a healthy schedule:

Warm area: 80 degrees to 84 degrees Fahrenheit

Basking spot: 95 degrees to 100 degrees Fahrenheit

Cool area: 80 degrees to 90 degrees Fahrenheit

Brumation:      

Bearded dragons usually go into a period of brumation for up to 3 months. This process is similar to hibernation in which warm-blooded animals hibernate, during the winter months. Your bearded dragon does not eat much during this time. As a result, they do not poop much either. Learn more about bearded dragon brumation.

What should a bearded dragon poop look like?

Bearded dragon poop should be brown and white in color. The white portion of the poop is known as urate and it should be soft. If a bearded dragon is healthy, then its poop will be brown and log-shaped. Urate will either be white or yellow and remains at the end of your dragon’s poop.

Bearded dragons do not pee. Instead, they pass urate-a uric acid paste. By secreting this uric acid, their body allows them to get rid of nitrogenous waste whilst conserving water. Some changes in the poop are common but if you notice and change in the consistency, odor, or amount of poop then check for the causes.

Healthy bearded dragon poop

Healthy bearded dragon poop is a mix of two kinds of wastes, brown and white. The first is solid digested waste, which is usually log-shaped and the second is yellow to whitish waste that has a softer consistency and is normally found at the sides or end of the brown part.

If the color, consistency, size, and other elements of your dragon’s poop look normal, then it is showing the signs of healthy bearded dragon poop. But if the poop becomes watery, and there is a change in the color, size, and consistency in your dragon’s poop, then it is important to check for the diseases and other causes.

What do abnormal poop colors indicate?

Bearded dragon owners should look out for abnormal poop colors because these abnormal colors may indicate a serious health concern. Common colors you may see are green, yellow, red, and black.

Not all the abnormal colors indicate a serious health concern, sometimes the color change may also occur by the kind of food they ate.

White-bearded poop:

White-bearded poop means that your dragon is dehydrated. In addition to chalky white poop, string-like saliva indicates that your dragon is suffering from mild dehydration. Mild dehydration is easy to fix as you may place your dragon in short 15 minute baths. 

This can help the dragon to moisten their skin and helps to rehydrate them. After rehydrating, make sure that your dragon is drinking enough amount of water and the temperature is not above 105 degrees Fahrenheit.

If the white poop is left untreated, then it may lead to serious illness and the dragon should take to the vet immediately.

Yellow bearded poop:

Yellow poop can also be an indicator that your dragon is suffering from any disease if the poop shows yellow wax beans or a yellow squash-like substance. It can be a result of too much calcium in the bearded dragon’s diet that can cause bowel problems, organ damage, and liver diseases.

In the case of yellow poop, the owner should reduce the need for calcium intake to its dragon. Also, make sure that UVB light in the tank should not cover the entire area of the tank as UVB light helps the dragon to make vitamin D and vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium. Too much calcium and excessive UVB light may also cause yellow poop.

If you think light is not an issue in yellow poop, then consider their diet. Sometimes the supplements use in the diet also cause problems and turn the poop into yellow color Bearded dragons need a different amount of calcium supplements according to the age:

  • Hatchlings should get a calcium supplement daily.
  • Juveniles every other day
  • Adult’s at least once a week.

Try to reduce the number of such supplements. If your dragon feels lethargic bypassing yellow stool, then gentle bathing and soaking can help to soften the substance and clear it.

Green bearded poop:

Green poop is normally a result of green dye among foods because vegetables and green plants have chlorophyll which gives the green color. Many dragons eat such type of green dye food that turns the poop of your bearded dragon green. It is completely normal.

Sometimes the dragon also ingests sand from the enclosure that can also change the color of your dragon poop. If your dragon is acting normally, then there is no need to worry about it. If the poop is runny or watery and has a bad odor (worse than normal), then there is a chance that your dragon has contracted either a parasite or bacterial infection.

In severe cases, such watery or runny poop may cause liver disease and anemia. If you suspect this, then contact the vet immediately.

Red bearded poop: 

Red bearded poop simply indicates that your dragon is taking food with red dye. Their poop can be red if they were given raspberries or beets. Also, traces of blood can be found in poop that can be a serious issue. This is more likely done when your dragon has discomfort or can’t poop.

Bloody poop should never be ignored. If your dragon passes bloody stool just once, then it should not be a cause for concern. If the process is repeating over the next few days, then take immediate action.

Sometimes severe constipation can also cause bloody poop. Internal bleeding can occur due to bugs with sharp legs tearing the intestine. Parasites specifically Coccidia can also rupture the intestine walls and your dragon may feel lethargic and lose appetite. In such cases, the stool should be taken to the vet for proper treatment.

Black bearded poop:

Black poop occurs when your dragon feeds too many insects and not enough vegetables. Vegetables and chopped plants should always be given to your dragon two to three times a week because it is good for your dragon’s health.

If your dragon is eating a good amount of leafy green and still passing the black poop, then you should contact your vet. Black poop can also be a sign of impaction i.e. blocked bowel movements that results in internal bleeding and severe constipation. Watery black poop that smells bad or shows other abnormalities can also be a parasitic infection.

The owner should take a fresh fecal sample and take it to the vet for testing. Parasites will not show until the sample is fresh.

Poop colorCauseExplanation
Brown and WhiteNormalThis is what a bearded dragon poop should look like
RedDye from red foodsImpaction and parasites indicates an unhealthy bearded dragon
YellowToo much calciumToo much calcium intake should reduced
BlackFeeding too many insectsIf dragon is eating too many leaves, but still the poop is black then it should be examined.
GreenUsually dye from green foods  Staining from  vegetables is normal and indicates a healthy pet

What do runny poops indicate?

Runny poop or diarrhea indicates that your dragon has experienced some change in the diet. This change in diet causes runny poops. It usually resolves itself. However, if there is pus, blood or a foul smell to go along with being runny then it should be taken seriously.

Your dragon may show signs of sickness, losing weight along with poor appetite due to such runny poops. It should be treated on time. The only way to get rid of such runny poops is to call your vet on time and take necessary action to save your dragon’s health.

How to make your Bearded dragon poop?

You may help your dragon poop by taking the following steps:

  • If your dragon is constipated, the best thing is to give them a warm water bath.
  • Gently massage the stomach every five minutes during the bath. It will help the dragon to poop easily.
  • Start giving soft foods instead of giving them insects.
  • If your dragon loves to eat fruits then start giving them pumpkin puree diluted with water. In case of loss of appetite, if your dragon is reluctant to eat it, then try to place it on their nose.
  • The owner may also place a few drops of olive oil on the nose to help the dragon to poop easily.

What if your Bearded dragon is pooping a lot?

Your bearded dragon may be pooping a lot due to many factors. Consider the following factors to know why your dragon poops a lot:

Your dragon is stressed:

If your dragon is stressed due to any reason, there are high chances of pooping a lot. You should monitor what is causing stress among your dragon. If your dragon is going to the bathroom more frequently than normal, it might be due to stress.

A new tank location could be stressing them. Your dragon may be stressed due to loud noises and the presence of other bearded dragons in the enclosure.

The insufficient temperature in the enclosure may also cause stress. Too much temperature and too low temperature can also cause stress to your dragon.

Stress plays an important role in pooping a lot. If you believe that your dragon is getting stressed due to any reason then you have to address the situation immediately to avoid any health issue.

Your dragon has parasites:

One of the reasons your bearded dragon pooping a lot is the presence of parasites. These parasites may cause infection in your dragon’s intestine. As a result, it may cause diarrhea and weight loss. If your dragon has runny poops or poop that smells bad, then it is recommended to take your dragon to the vet immediately.

The vet will take a fecal sample or blood work of your dragon to determine what type of parasite is present. Then the vet will recommend the antibiotic or anti-parasitic drug for the treatment.

Your dragon is pregnant:

The frequent bowel movements in your dragon indicate that your dragon might be pregnant. If your dragon is eating more than normal, then chances are very high that she is pregnant. Due to eating more, your dragon may poop a lot. 

Female bearded dragons don’t need to have sex to become pregnant. When your bearded dragon is gravid without sex, her eggs will be infertile. However, try to provide your dragon a lay box to ensure they lay their eggs smoothly.

In pregnancy, there are more chances of pooping than usual. Try to take necessary precautions if the dragon poops too much and contact the vet immediately.

Wrapping up

There are different types of bearded dragon poops. Brown and white poop indicates a healthy bearded dragon that has a correct diet, good habitat and minimal stress. Red, yellow and black stools indicate serious health problems.

If you are worried about your dragon’s poop, then try to contact the vet as soon a possible. Your vet may conduct a fecal test to see if there is any problem. It will help you to diagnose the problem related to your dragon’s poop. Proper treatment can save your dragon’s life and make him happy and healthy.

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